An Statement of LACIS and FPEN
Mankind's Life Insurance
Maintaining the nuclear non-proliferation regime is essential, both for world peace and stability and for the survival of humankind. The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (known internationally by its English abbreviation NPT), has become one of the fundamental mechanisms for solving the main security problems affecting the world, declared in Mexico City the Latin American Circle for International Studies (LACIS) and the FundaciÃƒÂ³n por la Paz en la Era Nuclear (FPEN), affiliated to the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation (NAPF).
This is why the NPT signatories must unequivocally comply with the commitments assumed when they ratified it, without alleging or inventing exceptions or excuses. These commitments include the freedom to conduct science and technology research relating to the generation and use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes, without any possibility of discrimination on political, ideological or strategic grounds, said Luis GutiÃƒ©rrez Esparza, Predident of the LACIS and the FPEN.
In fact, NPT places its signatories under an obligation to guarantee access to equipment, materials, scientific and technical information and knowledge in general, which contribute to the development of nuclear energy at an international level.
In view of the above, the attempts of some countries to construe the NPT as a basis on which to discriminate against non-nuclear nations and turn it into an instrument of political pressure against governments they consider hostile or simply undesirable are inadmissible.
The United States has become the main and most flagrant culprit of the deterioration of the global nuclear non-proliferation regime. Not only did Washington refuse to ratify the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), but it is also actively preparing new nuclear weapons devices, such as bunker busters and other low power devices.
President George W. Bush's government does not exclude the possibility of using the nuclear weapons even against countries which don't have any, such as Iraq - suspected of intending to develop them - or North Korea - which has not been proven to have any already in working order - as part of a prevention strategy, which in the American continent is threatening even Cuba and Venezuela.
In accordance with this irresponsible, war-mongering view, nuclear weapons have been reduced to the condition of acceptable combat weapons, even for low intensity conflicts. The black market for nuclear technology has thus received a very significant boost, since not only governments but also financially powerful terrorist organisations are set on not staying behind or becoming extremely vulnerable or defenceless.
The creation of nuclear weapon-free zones, such as Latin America following the Tlatelolco Treaty, would undoubtedly help strengthen the non-proliferation regime, which covers all weapons of mass destruction and areas such as Central Asia and the Middle East.
In regions such as the Middle East, nuclear non-proliferation is certainly not equivalent, as perversely spun by the United States and their allies, to disarming the disarmed, but rather to establishing the regime fairly, despite the allegations of Israel, which denies having nuclear weapons in spite of endless irrefutable evidence to the contrary.
Israel is precisely one of the countries which must sign the NPT and publicly and ascertainably commit regarding all its supplies, as well as support the establishment of an area free of nuclear weapons and weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East, to guarantee final and permanent peace in the region.